Gingivitis is a medical condition which results in inflamed gums surrounding the teeth.  Gingivitis affects the tissue around the teeth, along with the gums, soft tissues and bone (the periodontium). Gingivitis occurs when bacteria gets trapped in these areas and starts attacking the periodontium. It is important to know the signs and symptoms of gingivitis. This condition is not very painful to start with so it may be hard to spot, but if left unattended could lead to a severe infection and drastic consequences.